types of biodiversity slideshare

Things exist in different forms which creates diversity. While many farmers maintain above-ground biodiversity for a variety of UNIT 9: THEBIODIVERSITY OF THELIVING THINGS 2. Every organism in an ecosystem, or biome, relies on other organisms and the physical environment. Types of conservation. ... understanding how the loss of biodiversity affects the functioning of ecosystems and thus affects society. The Ecology, Biodiversity, and Conservation series presents balanced, comprehensive, up-to-date, and critical reviews of selected topics within the sciences of ecology and conservation biology, both botanical and zoological, and both 'pure' and 'applied'. 3. Here, animals and plants are reared or cultivated in areas like zoological or botanical parks. It includes all living things, not just the plants and animals that are common or easily seen. 2) Multiple trophic levels are common to ecosystems but have been understudied in biodiversity/ecosystem functioning research. So, too, do 7 billion people. Ecosystem Services 4. BIODIVERSITY AND ADAPTION Biodiversity is the great variety of different forms of life or species that form the biosphere. of some types of soil biodiversity may be relatively easily evaluated, for example the gain in nitrogen from introducing N-fixing bacteria, but others are less easily specified, for example the improvements to structure resulting from the introduction of earthworms. Invasive species are the second largest threat to biodiversity after habitat loss. Biodiversity is how many different types of organisms live in an area. Adverse Impacts of Loss of Biodiversity. Biodiversity conservation serves as an insurance policy for the future. Biodiversity and ecosystems feature prominently across many of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) and associated targets. ADVERTISEMENTS: 2. Approximately 9 million types of plants, animals, protists and fungi inhabit the Earth. International day for biodiversity Through the diverse animal and plant species, the nature shows us different colors of life. Essay on Biodiversity: Types, Importance and Conclusion – Essay 2 (250 Words) Introduction: Diversity is the hallmark of nature. Biodiversity, though, goes beyond simply a literal list of species; it also encompasses the interactions between the species, how they survive, what they do, and the living conditions in which they exist. They transform or evolve into different organisms or species over millions of years. Ex situ conservation. Aesthetic Value. Biodiversity also supplies indirect services to humans which are often taken for granted. These include drinkable water, clean air, and fertile soils. 1) Further resolution of the relationships among taxonomic diversity, functional diversity, and community structure is important for identifying mechanisms of biodiversity effects. Read about Biodiversity Conservation, the importance of Biodiversity, Loss of Biodiversity, and more. Genetic diversity. This article gives an overview of biodiversity, their types, threats and conservation measures. The loss of biodiversity also causes a decline in the livelihood of many locals. ADVERTISEMENTS: Brief outlines of the two types of diversity indices of biodiversity are discussed in this article. Biodiversity is at the centre of many economic activities, particularly those related to crop and livestock agriculture, forestry, and fisheries. Wilson in 1985. Biodiversity may be defined as the variety and variability of living organisms and the ecological complexes in which they exist. Biodiversity is the collection of flora and fauna of a place. Loss of Biodiversity. Today, 31% gymnosperms,32%amphibians,12% bird species and 23% of mammals face the threat of loss of biodiversity. The two types are: (1) Dominance Indices, and (2) Information-Statistic Indices. Biodiversity Agreements. It includes species that are not well known, such as microorganisms or invertebrates. A widely used dominance index is Simpson’s diversity index. The types of soil found in … This can be due to reduced crop yields or other effects. Dominance Indices: Dominance indices are weighted toward the abundance of the commonest species. It is mainly caused by industrialization, population, and urbanization. Within both natural and modified habitats, there may be critical habitats that are required for the survival of critically endangered or endangered species or for endemic or restricted-range species and migratory species. 1. The Convention's approach to biodiversity The key objectives of the Convention, as set out in Article 1, and outlined in chapter 2 below, are simple in summary but in practice all-encompassing: the conservation of biological diversity, the sustainable use of its components, and the fair and equitable sharing of benefits arising from use of genetic resources. For example, plant and animal species need each other for food, and depend on the environment for water and shelter. Biodiversity loss, also called loss of biodiversity, a decrease in biodiversity within a species, an ecosystem, a given geographic area, or Earth as a whole. ADVERTISEMENTS: Some of the major values of biodiversity are as follows: 1. It is the basis of agricultural activities, livestock, forestry, and fishing, and also for the strategic biotechnology industry. The loss of populations, species, or groups of species from an ecosystem can upset its normal function and disrupt these ecological services. Conserving biodiversity outside the areas where they naturally occur is known as ex situ conservation. Recent declines in honeybee populations may Ethical and Moral Value 8. BIODIVERSITY - DEFINITION The number and variety of plants, animals and other organisms that exist in an ecosystem is known as biodiversity It is a measure of the variety of organisms present in different ecosystems The richness of biodiversity depends on the climatic conditions and area of the region ' Biodiversity is the result of 3.5 billion years of evolution 2 Biodiversity is of three types: 1. In other words, biodiversity is the occurrence of different types of ecosystems, different species of organisms with the whole […] Environmental Value 2. Threats to Biodiversity: Invasive Species. Biodiversity is the most precious gift of nature mankind is blessed with. Biodiversity is a significant and desirable variation in plant and animal existence on the surface of the earth. Biodiversity is one of the fundamental properties of nature and source of immense potential for economic use. Biodiversity and Conservation for Higher Secondary School Biology - Biodiversity and Conservation is a very important chapter in Biology for 12th standard students of CBSE Board in India. Today the earth is facing a loss of biodiversity at rapid rates. 1. The Definitive Guide to Diversity Types in the Workplace in 2020 [updated October 2020] This is the ultimate guide to Diversity Types in the Workplace in 2020.The same guide can be applied to the society, community about all aspects of diversity.The guide I will cover: Biodiversity is the way, so don't let nature go astray. It takes into account […] Species diversity. Locals may also raise cattle in order to survive. 8 Various Types of Environmental Pollution Pollution is the introduction of damaging or poisonous materials into the natural environment. 4.4 biodiversity at global, national and local levels 88 4.5 india as a mega diversity nation 89 4.6 hotspots of biodiversity 90 4.7 threats to biodiversity: habitat loss, poaching of wildlife, man-wildlife conflicts 91 4.8 endangered and endemic species of india 94 4.8.1 … Biological diversity (or biodiversity) is the variety of life on Earth. Equally, pollution means the presence of undesirable materials in the natural environment or the state of the natural environment being contaminated with potentially harmful substances as an outcome of human activities. | PowerPoint PPT … Ecological diversity. The term biodiversity was coined as a contraction of biological diversity by E.O. However, if a loss in biodiversity leads to a decrease in biomass of feed, farmers will no longer be able to raise enough cattle due to the feed shortage. They contribute directly to human well-being and development priorities. Examples of places with high biodiversity include rainforests and coral reefs, because they have many different species in an area. Consumptive use value 6. LIKE, SHARE & SUBSCRIBE FOR MORE VIDEOS. Ecological Concepts, Principles and Application to Conservation. Economic Value 5. Organisms do exist in those places, but not as many as places with higher biodiversity. Biodiversity Hotspot is a region which is a prime location for the existence of rich biodiversity but also faces the threat of destruction. Types of Biodiversity. An invasive species is a species that is not native to a particular area, but arrives (usually with human help), establishes a population, and spreads on its own. Biodiversity is a community of all the living organisms on the earth and the diversity among them from all the ecosystems. Biodiversity is the part of nature which includes the difference in genes among the individuals of a species, the variety and richness of all the plant and animal species at different scales in space, locally in a region, in the country and the world and various types of … Table: 1.1 Forest areas by types (1999-2000) (000 ha) Forest types Total area Percentage Coniferous 1930 40.92 Irrigated 259 5.49 Riverain 332 7.03 Scrub 1639 34.75 Coastal 512 10.86 Mazri land 24 0.51 Linear plantation 21 0.44 Total 4717 100,00 Source: Forestry Statistics of Pakistan (2004) The term "biodiversity" literally indicates the diverse biological species within an ecosystem. As all the organisms […] Unit 9. ... image: slideshare.net. Both types of habitat can support important biodiversity at all levels, including endemic or threatened species. In this video, I am talking about what is Biodiversity and it's types or levels. Less biodiverse areas include deserts, icy areas, and the bottom of the ocean. Download the Biodiversity notes PDF … Biodiversity is a key measure of the health of any ecosystem, and of our entire planet. Social Value 3. The biodiversity of the living things 1. As the world celebrates the International day for biodiversity, here is a look upon the concept of biodiversity, its types, importance, uses, threats to biodiversity and the 2011 theme of forest biodiversity. Productive Use Value 7. A decrease in plant production. Coral reefs, because they have many different species in an area properties of nature mankind is blessed with types! Centre of many locals they contribute directly to human well-being and Development priorities an! I am talking about what is biodiversity and ADAPTION biodiversity is at the centre of many locals biodiversity. 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