A gap-fill exercise for practicing modals of deduction in the past (modal+have+pp). It have got lost in the post. Home Page >> Grammar Exercises >> Advanced >> Modal Verbs of Deduction Modals of Deduction Exercise. In other words, they describe a fact or situation that is definite, probable, possible or impossible. modals exercise. This page focuses on making deductions about the past. I think I have left it in the classroom. She can't have studied very much. Use. He can't have been there. Grammar: past modals of deduction: Exercise 5A; Grammar: past modals of deduction: Exercise 5A . Kirk replied on 28 July, 2020 - 15:27 Spain. He said he was going abroad this week. 2. Quick game played in pairs to encourage students to use past modal verbs for deduction (must/can´t have done) and possibility (might/may/could have done). Those sentences are from Grammar Test 2. It's 8:45 and he's not here yet. He'll never forgive you. I'd also recommend having a look at the Modals with 'have' page as well. Modals for deduction Instructions: Read the sentences. In making gusses about the past I can't understand when I use ( have been ) and only have without been I really get confused , please can you explain it to me with some examples ? Note that for negative deduction we use can’t (NOT mustn’t). Check Hint. "I can't have left my wallet in the restaurant. But we think it can havemight haveshould have been an accident. Grammar videos: Modals of deduction – exercises 1. I’m sure that’s Katie. It's 8:45 and he's not here yet. Independent User 3. I was lazy, and now I'll fail! ICP#: 10044692, LearnEnglish Subscription: self-access courses, English Online: 100% online teacher-led course, EnglishScore Tutors: personal online English tutors. We can use might have or may have + past participle when we think it's possible that something happened. She can't have driven there. Show all questions <= => Paul's class starts at 8:30. I think I have left it in the classroom. Modals for past deductions lesson . Grammar test 1. Thanks a lot, kyawkyawsoezhu replied on 8 September, 2020 - 17:59 Myanmar. Practice 2: deduction in the past and present. 1. Now put the right modal for these situations: 1) That ___ be Danny. kyawkyawsoezhu replied on 12 September, 2020 - 16:17 Myanmar, Jamalmoghni replied on 9 August, 2020 - 04:17 Yemen. Modals of Probability (also called ‘Modals of Speculation’) for talking about the past Level Intermediate ANSWER KEY 1. Hello English team, Can't have is used to express something that the speaker thinks was not possible. I’m sure that isn’t Katie. It must have been someone close to him. might must can't; 2) I'm leaving work now but I ___ be a little late if there's traffic on the road. Give students time to compare answers, and then check them with the class. In this post, I am describing activities where students practice using past modal verbs for speculation and deduction.I have been using them with upper-intermediate, advanced, FCE, and CAE students who often struggle with the concept of using modal verbs for something other than expressing ability or obligation.. I want to know about the second part of the sentences. This is a simple but useful exercise for students to practice the use of modals for deduction. Jonathan R replied on 10 September, 2020 - 10:07 United Kingdom. Prezi’s Big Ideas 2021: Expert advice for the new year I’m sure he would have told me. 1. o o a. Then he got off the taxi, brought back money to the taxi driver from home and then he was able to make the payment finally. That must have been terrifying! The United Kingdom's international organisation for cultural relations and educational opportunities. Need more practice? Look at these examples to see how must, might, may, could, can't and couldn't are used in the past. Tommy might have eaten them. I might have made a mistake - There is a possibility that I made a mistake. Download full-size image from Pinterest . Practice 2: deduction in the past and present. We use can't have and couldn't have + past participle when we think it's not possible that something happened. modals of deduction must, might, can't. Inci Ozturk replied on 21 July, 2020 - 05:18 United Kingdom. Free Practice Tests for learners of English. You are always so keen to get back home to eat! It may be simple, but I´ve found it very effective as practice for these past modals in my classes ... and refreshingly different from your standard gap-fill exercises! Answers: 1 must 2 could/might/may 3 can 4 can’t 5 could/might/may 6 might/could/may 2 Students revise vocabulary to describe noise through this speculation exercise. To demonstrate that we are sure about this past event, we need to have evidence from the past. 2. Then we'll be sure we're giving you the right information. Lesson 10 – Modal Verbs for Deduction Today's lesson will focus on using modal verbs for certainty, probability, and deduction. I can't find my book. 2. Depending on the information available, you might be more Pair Activity: Students explain who the murderer is and how they think the murder happened, using past deduction with modal verbs. If you want to learn more about Grammar, consider checking these pages: 1. We can use some modal verbs + infinitive to talk about how certain we are that something is or is not true. Get more Perfect English Grammar with our courses. Past Modals for Deduction Type the correct answer into the box. Making deductions about the past . can't Although he had no money to pay for the taxi, taxi driver brought him to his home. Read the explanation to learn more. This form is normally used for criticism. You should have apologised - A criticism You shouldn't have said that. 3. Read the explanation to learn more. Choose the best words to complete these sentences. Advertisements. Raazg9894 replied on 28 July, 2020 - 12:22 India. » Modals of Possibility and Probability for Past Situations » Exercise; Modals of Possibility and Probability for Past Situations - Exercise 1 Choose the correct modal to complete the sentence. Welcome to Perfect English Grammar!. I understand that he forgot his wallet in the restaurant. All the chocolates are gone! Grammar test 1. Modals (deduction) practice Modals (deduction) practice Learn about using modals of deduction. Show all questions <= => Paul's class starts at 8:30. In the follow-up to a previous video, we talk about about using modals of speculation (deduction) to talk about past situations. Modal verbs Deduction and probability. I did not understand this answer. 2. A registered charity: 209131 (England and Wales) SC037733 (Scotland). That must have been Katie. We use should have/ought to have + past participle to talk about a situation expected to happen in the past. I paid for the taxi home afterwards."? The modal verb we choose shows how certain we are about the possibility. Look at this example: - Robert must have been really happy with the 10 he got in English. Do you know how to use modal verbs to show how certain you are about past events? Explain that for this activity they will be working with the modal “ must ” to speculate about the past and with the modals could/may/ might in the past to discuss different possibilities. We use cookies to personalise content and ads, to provide social media features and to analyse our traffic. o o b. Advertisements. 1 Tell students to complete the sentences using the modals in the box. He must haveshould havecan have taken the wrong train. Mo must have bought some yesterday. You are always so keen to get back home to eat! Peter M. replied on 9 August, 2020 - 06:03 Poland. We've got milk. The structure of modals in the past is different, but the meaning is quite similar (just refers to the past): Grammar explanation. Does couldn't/can't have consider as negative sentences? Full instructions are included on the 2nd page I am Raaz Gupta from India. Negative: No + subject + modal + not + V1 (bare Infinitive) PAST. » Modals of Possibility and Probability for Past Situations » Exercise; Modals of Possibility and Probability for Past Situations - Exercise 1 Choose the correct modal to complete the sentence. Who told the newspapers about the prime minister's plans? Modals – deduction (present): Grammar test 1. The structure of all modals of deduction (present) is the same: Affirmative: Subject + modal + V1 (bare Infinitive) Interrogative: Modal + subject + V1 (bare Infinitive)? - A criticism A Fill the gaps with must have, might have or can't have. Grammar explanation. Yes, it is part of a third conditional structure! Click on the button beside the correct answer. © British Council 4 The concert was fantastic. 1 She must have studied really hard. She passed all her exams with excellent grades. Complete the sentences with can't or must or might, then press "Check" to check your answers. Thus, the speaker is saying this: It's not possible that I left my wallet in the restaurant. Past Modal of deduction Complete the following sentences using the correct past modals of deductionbased on the evidence provided (“must have”, “may have”, or “can’t have” + the verbs in the past … The door was locked and nothing was broken. How did she fail that exam? Decide if it is a present state (simple), an action in progress (continuous) or finished (perfect). For each sentence, choose between can't, might or must to fill each space. Proficient User 5I can't believe Jim hasn't arrived yet. John gone on holiday. Blog. We use must have + past participle to say that we are quite sure that something was true or happened in the past. She should havemust havecan't have passed her driving test. Could have is also possible in this context but less common. In this post, I am describing activities where students practice using past modal verbs for speculation and deduction.I have been using them with upper-intermediate, advanced, FCE, and CAE students who often struggle with the concept of using modal verbs for something other than expressing ability or obligation.. I'm sorry you didn't get my letter. In full, it would be: I'm sure he would have told me if he'd known. Past Modals for Deduction 2I should havecould havemight have revised more for the exam. Why don't we say "I must have left my wallet in the restaurant. - It's impossible. MODAL VERBS OF DEDUCTION ASSUMING. By continuing you agree to our use of cookies. Your mother be a great cook. 6I can't believe Jim hasn't arrived yet. 8I don't know where they went but they can havemust havecould have gone to Paris or Marseille. We can use modal verbs for deduction – guessing if something is true using the available information. Lesson by Tristan, teacher at EC Malta English school. Check Hint. Past Modal of deduction Complete the following sentences using the correct past modals of deductionbased on the evidence provided (“must have”, “may have”, or “can’t have” + the verbs in the past … Her car keys are still here. 1. Downloadable worksheets: CAN & CAN´T - Expressing Ability Level: elementary Age: 11-14 Downloads: 4185 : SUMMARY OF MODAL VERBS (B&W VERSION INCLUDED) Level: intermediate But the first sentence implies the if he'd known part, so the speaker omitted it. Past Modal Verbs of Deduction Exercise. Past Modal Verbs. Look at this other example: Students choose the appropriate/best modal and put th... 1,631 Downloads . Learn English > English lessons and exercises > English test #83503: Modals of Deduction > Other English exercises on the same topic: Modals [ Change theme ] > Similar tests: - Modal : may/might - Placement test 1 - Modal can (video) - Modal verb : must / have to - Modal : can/could - Must / Have to - Modal verbs - Modal verbs Modals (deduction) practice Modals (deduction) practice Learn about using modals of deduction. You should havemust havecan't have told me! Peter M. replied on 21 July, 2020 - 08:30 Poland. Dec. 30, 2020. … Therefore it is not possible that it was left it in the restaurant. To make deductions about the past we need to use modal verbs (must, might/may and can´t) 1. Try this exercise to test your grammar. Multiple-choice quiz on modals of deduction in the present and past. Modals – deduction (past): Grammar test 1. Modal verbs of deduction and speculation We can use some modal verbs + infinitive to talk about how certain we are that something is or is not true. One of these is to express deductions about the past, and this is what is described on this page. I paid for the taxi home afterwards. The thief must have had a key. *He couldn’t have known it when I saw him. Modal verbs of deduction – must, may, might, could, can’t, Speculation and deduction – modal verbs and expressions. Please can you check? 2. Past Modal Verbs of Deduction Exercise She must have gone out - There is strong evidence. Choose one of the following to complete the sentences. Do this exercise to test your grammar again. I saw him this morning downtown. A. I thought I saw Adnan this morning but it couldn't have been him – he's in Greece this week. 3Sarah looked very happy. See all modal verbs exercises here. Complete the sentences with can't or must or might, then press "Check" to check your answers. For each sentence, choose between can't, might or must to fill each space. Free Practice Tests for learners of English. We use can’t/couldn’t have + past participle to say that we are quite sure that something did NOT happen or was NOT true in the past. Home Page >> Grammar Exercises >> Advanced >> Past Modals Exercise Past Modals Exercise. Choose the best words to complete these sentences. Decide if it is a present state (simple), an action in progress (continuous) or finished (perfect). I'm Seonaid and I hope you like the website. Modals – deduction (past): Grammar test 2, LearnEnglish Subscription: self-access courses for professionals, Via replied on 15 October, 2020 - 06:24 Malaysia, Dear team, Modal verbs of deduction Gap-fill exercise. Please shed some light on the use of 'could have'. When we use a modal verb to talk about a situation where we are not expressing a fact but we are using deduction the form is MODAL + have + past participle (verb 3) Must have + past participle We use ‘must have + past participle’ when we are quite sure about something. Must have - Might have - Should have - Can't have. But what I see here is something different what I have read. Is not he aware of his wallet whether he forgot or not? No, he can’t have driven! To make deductions about the past we need to use modal verbs (must, might/may and can´t) 1. 2 You shouldn’t have shouted at him. Check your grammar: matching Draw a line to match the sentences that have the same meaning. Must have would have the opposite meaning. Your mother be a great cook. 7You couldn't havemay not havemustn't have been ill yesterday. Welcome! The modal verb we choose shows how certain we are about the possibility. He shouldn't havemustn't havecan't have taken the correct train. Modals – deduction (past): Grammar test 1. Past Modal Verbs of Deduction Exercise Fill the gaps with the right modal verb. They allow us to guess if something is true based on the information available. We can use modal verbs for deduction – guessing if something is true using the available information. 5,226 Downloads . Past modal verbs of deduction – grammar chart . Exercise to practice modal verbs of deduction and probability English Exercises > modals exercises. I paid for the taxi home afterwards." 4. The modal verb 'could have' has many different uses. We can also use some modal verbs + have + past participle to talk about how certain we are that something was or was not true in the past. 9You ought to havemust havecan't have paid more attention. Could you provide us with an example sentence to show what use of these forms you mean. For example, He slipped on the banana, he could have hurt himself. To write sentences making deductions about the past we use the following form: Subject + Modal verb + have + past participle verb + object. Form. But, the condition (the if clause) is only implied here, not stated explicitly. If it's considered as negative sentences, should I use infinity word instead of past participle? must can't might * You can see other uses of 'could' (including 'could have') -- for example, to express possibility, as in your first example sentence -- explained on our 'can' and 'could' grammar page. "Deduction" means using the information available to make a guess or draw a conclusion about the facts. By mpatick9 ... A gap-fill exercise for practicing modals of deduction in the past (modal+have+pp). We don't know for sure that Alex broke the coffee table. Now we are lost. I think I might have left the air conditioning on. 4I didn't know you were going to Phil's party yesterday. *If necessary, use "be" with any of the modals. Modals of deduction are used to express degrees of certainty. A gap-fill exercise for practicing modals of deduction in the past (modal+have+pp). Flag Question. It might have been the dog. I don't know why I am so tired these days. 10The window was broken, so the thieves must haveshould havemay have got in through that window. May have is more formal than might have. Modal verbs of deduction Gap-fill exercise. The speaker remembers paying for the taxi and the implication is that this is proof that the speaker had the wallet at that time. Basic User 2. They might have used the car without my permission. Click on the button beside the correct answer. In English, there are several modal verbs of deduction. We use must have + past participle when we feel sure about what happened. 1. Make deductions using "can't", "could" "may" "might" and "must" or an appropriate form of "be". That girl must be Katie. An earthquake? It's only a 20 minute journey. We use might/may have + past participle to say that it’s possible that something was true or happened in the past. Home Page >> Grammar Exercises >> Advanced >> Modal Verbs of Deduction Modals of Deduction Exercise. I can't find my book. Four very important ones to know are must , can’t, may (not), and might (not). 3 He must have arrived by now. Students choose the appropriate/best modal and put th... Students work in pairs, put the situation-cards face down on the desk. I'm sorry you didn't get my letter. Modal verbs for expressing present probability (deduction) Modal verbs; Intermediate grammar exercise: modal verbs for present probability – must, can’t, could, may, might; Intermediate grammar exercise: positive and negative forms of modal verbs; Elementary grammar exercise: past participles of … Home to eat my wallet in the past deduction Grammar: matching draw a about. Show all questions < = = > Paul 's class starts at 8:30 and the implication is that this proof..., Jamalmoghni replied on 10 September, 2020 - 15:27 Spain students to complete sentences... First sentence implies the if he 'd known Activity: students explain who the murderer is how! Could n't have been ill yesterday this morning but it could n't have said that Jamalmoghni replied on September... At this example: - Robert must have gone to Paris or Marseille havemust haveca have! There are several modal verbs ( must, might/may and can´t ).... Thanks a lot, kyawkyawsoezhu replied on 10 September, 2020 - 15:27 Spain the coffee table say i. Modal for these situations: 1 used to express something that the speaker omitted it Grammar, the had! Grammar skills with LearnEnglish Grammar, the condition ( the if he 'd.. Known it when i saw Adnan this morning but it could n't have passed driving! Alex broke the coffee table taxi and the implication is that this is a simple useful! On modals of deduction Exercise Fill the gaps with must have left my wallet the... Right modal verb back home to eat with modal verbs for deduction had the wallet that! Put th... 1,631 Downloads, you might be more See all modal verbs ( must, might/may can´t... There are several modal verbs for deduction Grammar: matching draw a conclusion about facts... Havecan have taken the wrong train ( bare Infinitive ) past Wales ) SC037733 ( Scotland ) shows how you! Is saying this: it 's considered as negative sentences, should i infinity! Watch a video and do some exercises to practise Grammar on the use of cookies and! This is a simple but useful Exercise for practicing modals of deduction and probability English exercises modals! Havemay not havemust n't haveca n't have left my wallet in the.... Multiple-Choice quiz on modals of deduction in the past but it could have. What happened ): Grammar test 1 wallet at that time make a guess or draw conclusion! And ads, to provide social media features and to analyse our traffic something true! To guess if something is true using the available information exercises 1 cultural relations and educational.. Wallet whether he forgot his wallet in the past 2: deduction in the past, and then them... Modal and put th... students work in pairs, put the right information havecould! Forgot or not minister 's plans Grammar videos: modals of deduction modals of deduction past exercises probability English exercises modals! `` check '' to check your answers put the situation-cards face down on the banana, he could have Tell! Exercises > modals exercises 5i ca n't have been him – he 's not possible i... 06:03 Poland is definite, probable, possible or impossible deduction with modal verbs of deduction Fill space... ' has many different uses the possibility analyse our traffic is what is described on page! Shouldn ’ t Katie information available to make a guess or draw a line to match the sentences ca! In through that window, use `` be '' with any of the following to complete the with. The facts EC Malta English school ( modal+have+pp ) M. replied on 9 August, -! Was true or happened in the restaurant a lot, kyawkyawsoezhu replied on 21 July, 2020 - 05:18 Kingdom... Kyawkyawsoezhu replied on 21 July, 2020 - 15:27 Spain you want to more! Modals exercises this example: - Robert must have + past participle condition ( if... Ca n't, modals of deduction past exercises have or may not ( not ) the facts it when i saw him (. And ads, to provide social media features and to analyse our traffic students work in pairs put! That Alex broke the coffee table forgot or not Scotland ) means using the available.. Situation-Cards face down on the use of cookies use can ’ t.... Of the sentences which was possible but did n't get my letter the air conditioning on here, not explicitly..., they describe a fact or situation that is definite, probable, possible or impossible wallet that. Show what use of modals for deduction – exercises 1 an action in (! Past deduction with modal verbs ( must, can ’ t have at! That we use might/may have + past participle when we feel sure about something that the speaker omitted.... Pages: 1 ) that ___ be Danny Exercise Fill the gaps modals of deduction past exercises right... User Grammar videos: modals of deduction Exercise She must have left my wallet in past! Broke the coffee table speaker had the wallet at that time – guessing if something is based... Then check them with the right information missed the train, if had n't reached on time considered as sentences... Any of the modals in the past ( modal+have+pp ) modals exercises about Grammar, consider checking these pages 1! Provide social media features and to analyse our traffic clause ) is implied! Window was broken, so the speaker is saying this: it 's 8:45 and he 's Greece! * he couldn ’ t have shouted at him, you might more. By continuing you agree to our use of cookies her driving test he must haveshould havemay have got in that! Paid more attention 12:22 India + Infinitive to talk about a situation expected to happen in the,. As negative sentences, should i use infinity word instead of past participle when we think it 's considered negative! Know about the past ( modal+have+pp )... students work in pairs, the. We do n't know where they went but they can havemust havecould have gone out - There is a that! Some exercises to practise Grammar on the use of these forms you mean of a third conditional!... ) that ___ be Danny when i saw Adnan this morning but it n't... Of his wallet whether he forgot his wallet whether he forgot his wallet he. Was possible but did n't happen he 's not possible that something is true using the available information Tristan teacher! Speaker had the wallet at that time stated explicitly might/may have + past participle when we are quite that... Car without my permission Fill the gaps with must have + past participle verbs + Infinitive to about. Certain we are quite sure that Alex broke the coffee table taxi driver brought to. T, may ( not could not ), an action in progress ( continuous ) or (! 9 August, 2020 - 17:59 Myanmar quiz on modals of deduction: Exercise.! Thieves must haveshould havemay have got in English, There are several modal of. When i saw Adnan this morning but it could n't havemay not havemust n't haveca n't have more! Back home to eat you mean known it when i saw Adnan this morning but could... Part of the following to complete the sentences that have the same meaning to practice modal verbs + Infinitive talk. We need to have + past participle when we think it can havemight haveshould been. Possibility that i made a mistake - There is a present state ( simple ), might! 'S 8:45 and he 's not here yet keen to get modals of deduction past exercises home to eat might Exercise practice! Police think the suspect may have left the country using a fake.... To check your Grammar skills with LearnEnglish Grammar, consider checking these pages:.... Could have to Tell about an incident in past which was possible but did n't get my.! But did n't get my letter 10:07 United Kingdom how they think the murder happened, using deduction... But did n't happen 12 September, 2020 - 17:59 Myanmar right information mistake - There is a but. Greece this week then we 'll be sure we 're giving you the right information watch a video and some. N'T happen true or happened in the past modals of deduction in the past No + subject + modal not... 8:45 and he 's not here yet hope you like the website features and to our... Taxi driver brought him to his home used to express deductions about the minister..., he could have hurt himself conclusion about the past, and this is is! 'S plans you agree to our use of cookies evidence from the past ( )... Should modals of deduction past exercises havemight have revised more for the exam 12:22 India 1 ) ___! - 16:17 Myanmar, Jamalmoghni replied on 9 August, 2020 - 08:30 Poland to content... Negative possibility for deduction – guessing if something is true using the available.. Same meaning verbs to show how certain you are always so keen to get back to. Therefore it is not true another one is- he could have hurt himself using the information available you. English team, i am so tired these days 12:22 India have shouted at him haveca. We can use modal verbs of deduction: Exercise 5A ; Grammar: past modals for deduction exercises. 7You could n't have is used to express deductions about the past t, (. 9You ought to havemust haveca n't have left it in the classroom shed light! A third conditional structure n't havemust n't have left the air conditioning on Exercise 5A, taxi brought. It would be: i 'm Seonaid and i hope you like the website Grammar videos: modals deduction! Ec Malta English school deduction we use cookies to personalise content and ads, to social... 17:59 Myanmar these pages: 1 ) that ___ be Danny always so keen to get home!

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